Builder: King Sneferu
Constructed: 2613-2589 BC
Height: 104 Meters
The Red Pyramid is one of the most important among the pyramids of Egypt. It was King Sneferu’s third trial at building a large pyramid. This time he finally got it right from the start, and opened the door for his son king Khufu to build his great pyramid.
The engineers had learnt a lot from their previous construction experiences at Meidum and Dahshur. This time the pyramid was built at a gentle angel unlike the bent pyramid and the pyramid at medium; this made the red pyramid less likely to collapse. Following the planning stage, the engineers started the construction of the red pyramid around the 30th year of Sneferu’s reign; they also built a small mortuary on the east side of the pyramid, as well as a Valley temple.
His causeway, which was supposed to link the mortuary and valley temples, appears never to have been constructed. These elements would become extremely common in pyramid fields as time progressed. The red pyramid has one entrance located twenty six meters up its northern side; from there, a narrow corridor descends for sixty meters through the core of the pyramid and until ground level.
From the ground level, a horizontal passage leads into a large room with a corbelled roof, just over twelve meters high. Another horizontal passage leads into a similar room. The main difference between these two rooms is that in the second one, the passage leading to the next room is 8 meters above the ground. Today Tourists can climb a wooden set of stairs to this short passage; crouching down and moving through they reach the king’s burial chamber. This chamber has a corbelled roof, but sadly the floor has been dug by people in antiquity looking for treasure. Some historians believe that this was Sneferu’s final resting place. Over all, entering the red pyramid is a pleasant adventure.