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The Red Pyramid

The Red Pyramid

The Red Pyramid

Builder: King Sneferu

Constructed: 2613-2589 BC

Height: 104 Meters

Location: Dahshur

The  Red Pyramid is one of the most important among the pyramids of Egypt. It was  King Sneferu’s third trial at building a large pyramid.  This time he finally got it right from the start, and opened the door for his  son king Khufu to build his great pyramid.

The  engineers had learnt a lot from their previous construction experiences at  Meidum and Dahshur. This time the pyramid was built at a gentle angel unlike  the bent pyramid and the pyramid at medium; this made the red pyramid less  likely to collapse. Following the planning stage, the engineers started the  construction of the red pyramid around the 30th year of Sneferu’s reign; they  also built a small mortuary on the east side of the pyramid, as well as a  Valley temple.

Entrance to the red pyramid

Entrance to the red pyramid

His  causeway, which was supposed to link the mortuary and valley temples, appears  never to have been constructed. These elements would become extremely common in  pyramid fields as time progressed. The  red pyramid has one entrance located twenty six meters up its northern side;  from there, a narrow corridor descends for sixty meters through the core of the  pyramid and until ground level.

From  the ground level, a horizontal passage leads into a large room with a corbelled  roof, just over twelve meters high. Another horizontal passage leads into a  similar room. The main difference between these two rooms is that in the second  one, the passage leading to the next room is 8 meters above the ground. Today  Tourists can climb a wooden set of stairs to this short passage; crouching down  and moving through they reach the king’s burial chamber. This chamber has a  corbelled roof, but sadly the floor has been dug by people in antiquity looking  for treasure. Some historians believe that this was Sneferu’s final resting  place. Over all, entering the red pyramid is a pleasant adventure.

Other Pyramids In Dahshur: